Poultry of numerous breeds and populations, kept in the collection of the All-Russia Research Institute of Genetics and Livestock Breeding (VNIIGRZh), are carriers of autosexing genes, bright colouring of plumage, skin and egg-shell pigmentation, decorative and productive qualities. For this reason, hens and cocks are used for creation of Russian coloured crosses that are demanded in farmer (peasant) and personal part-time farms.
Keywords: poultry production, food security, meat-egg and egg-meat crosses, breeding material, selection, autosexing population, gene fund, genetic variety, hens, productivity.
Sea-buckthorn berries and bioginseng oilseed meals used in chicken diets as feed additive either separately or combined, allow correcting hematological indicators of layer blood, and also stimulate resistance of their bodies and promote improvement of immunological indicators.
Keywords: poultry production, poultry, adaptogens, sea-buckthorn berries oilseed meal, bioginseng oilseed meal, haemoglobin, erythrocytes, erythropoiesis, live weight, resistance, feed, diet, chickens, layers, stress factor, reserve alkalinity of blood, feed additive.
Partial replacement (50%) of mixed feed with grass component in diets of young geese allows reducing consumption of feed crops and oilseed meals and reducing the use of feed supplements.
Keywords: nutrient and biological value of diets, feed production, resource-saving technologies and biotechnologies, full-diet mixed feed, grass component, young geese at fattening, Lind gosling, growing period, sunflower and soya oilseed meals, protein-vitamin-mineral concentrate, monocalcium phosphate, starting period, growth period, finishing period, concentration of metabolic energy, total gain, daily average gain, live weight, visceral fat, muscular tissue, chemical composition of muscles.
Modern egg poultry crosses show excellent results, however, if appropriate keeping is provided. Nevertheless, geneticists continue improving crosses, because increase of egg production profitability requires layers with increasing productivity.
Keywords: poultry production, layers, genetic progress, replacement young animals, productive longevity, egg shell quality, feed additives, diets, feed, poultry crosses, «Lohmann Tierzucht», egg poultry, high lifelong productivity, calcium content, egg laying, phytase, phosphates, phosphorus in diets, maize-soya diets, parental stock.
Poultry red mite (Dermanyssus gallinae) and northern fowl mite (Ornithonyssus sylvarum) are most common external parasites of poultry. They are carriers of very dangerous diseases. The key mite control measures are treatment of premises and poultry with acaricides and insecticides as well as surveillance of mite distribution at farms.
Keywords: poultry production, гамазовые mites, red poultry mite (Dermanyssus gallinae), northern fowl mite (Ornithonyssus sylvarum), chelicerae, imago, mite provider, blood-sucking, embryos, protonymph, deutonymph, poultry, hen house, layer, hens, cock, anaemia, productivity, plumage, feather, zoonoses, dermatosis, otitis, erythropenia, feed consumption, eggs, egg laying capacity, reproductive ability, infestation, die-off, slaughter, insecticides, acaricides, deratization, alopecia, cannibalism, ecto parasites.
High quality products can be only received from healthy poultry. Therefore, it is necessary to establish selection genetic centres, expand Russian reproduction potential, construct factories to produce vitamins, micro nutrients, amino acids, probiotics, vaccines, etc. in Russia.
Keywords: poultry production, broiler, layer, incubatory eggs, selection genetic centre, first and second tier nuclei, Russian and foreign crosses, waterfowl, goose, duck, turkey, slaughter weight, feed conversion, live weight gains, productivity, egg laying capacity, population livability, hatchability, young animals, poultry meat, biosafety, pure lines, grand parents, parental herd, cage equipment, selection, genetics, egg mass, compound mixes, gene fund, Russian Poultry Union (Rosptitsesoyuz).
Reporting from a Cobb technical workshop held in October 2016 in Cyprus.
Keywords: Cobb, integrated poultry farms, Cobb 500 FF cross, broiler, poultry feeding, rooster leg strength, maternal line, first tier nucleus, broiler live weight, feed conversion, chest muscle yield, yield of meat and drawn carcasses, ventilation in premises, Cobb Europe in Russia, Irina Likhachyova, Patrick van Trijp, Irina Hamatshina, Yulia Pavlova, Valery Alekseev, Lydia Malakheeva.
Feed enzymes in broiler diets do not only improve assimilation of nutrients and metabolic energy, but also maintain balance of microflora, integrity of intestines and improvement of their functioning.
Keywords: poultry production, chicken, broiler, feed antibiotics, essential oils, alkaloids, short-chain organic acids, probiotics, prebiotics, intestinal microflora, non-starch polysaccharides, cereal crops, cell effect, digestive enzymes, mixed feed, diet, feeding, digestibility, dysbacteriosis, necrotic enteritis, olygosaccharides, NPS-enzymes, chymus, productivity, live weight, daily average gains, feed conversion, feed enzyme Rovabio Excel LC; soya, rape and sunflower oilseed meals; arabinoxylans, young animals, T-lymphocytes, L-cells, ileum, cecum, vilii and crypts, salmonellas, metabolic energy.
Suomen Rehu, division of the Finnish corporation Hankkija Oy, developed an additive Progres© that helps successfully control clostridiosis in poultry, thus improving their growth and feed conversion.
Keywords: poultry production, poultry, broilers, feeding, feed, diet, clostridiosis, Clostridia, necrotic enteritis, coccidiosis, Coccidia, Clostridium perfringens, Eimeria, Streptococcus suis, intestines, pathogenic microflora, Gram-positive bacteria, Suomen Rehu, Hankkija, Progres©, conifer resin, conversion of feed.
A computer program was developed for predicting trend of live weight gain in pigs at variation of microclimate characteristics of air in pig growing premises.
Keywords: pig production, animal, pigs, fattening, microclimate, temperature, air humidity and speed, sex and age groups, law of limiting factor, productivity, live weight gains, sow, pig, carbonic gas, ammonia, feeding, diet.
Addition of hydroxy-analogue of selenomethionine to standard diet of turkeys contributes to delay of meat colour change.
Keywords: organic selenium, selenoproteins, lipid peroxidation, methionine hydroxy analogue, turkey, meat, sodium selenite, selenium hydroxy analogue, meat рН, activity glutathione peroxydases, glutathione, superoxide dismutase, catalase, bioavailability, diet.
Use of infusion from leaves of black currant, grapes, cherry, and pine needles for feeding layers promotes liver protein synthesis function, and also decreases amino aciddeamination.
Keywords: poultry production, phyto composition, protein metabolism, chickens, layer, feeding, diet, black currant, cherry, grapes, pine needles, albumins, urea, uric acid, creatinine, egg productivity, phyto preparations, vitamins, micro nutrients, flavanoids, essence, pectin and tannin substances, phytoncides, pinipicrine, naphthoquinone, inositol, quercetine, full-ration mixed feed, Lohmann White cross, nutrient value, population, blood plasma, biosynthesis of proteins in liver, deamination, biologically active substances.
Results of experiments proved that product Natugrain® ТS by BASF SE increased prececal protein digestibility for wheat and sorghum based diets and surpassed other ten products with xylanase activity in this indicator.
Keywords: feed, feeding, diet, poultry, pigs, broilers, non-starch polysaccharides, assimilability of nutrients, productivity, bedding quality, xylane, water-soluble, water insoluble, cellulose, enzyme, xylanase, glucanase, thermostability, specificity to substrate, xylanase activity, wheat, sorghum, maize, nutrient availability, digestion, prececal digestibility, energy, protein, BASF SE, Natugrain®ТS.
Traditional live vaccine begins protecting broilers from highly virulent strain of infectious bursal disease much earlier than immune complex or vector vaccines.
Keywords: poultry production, broilers, layers, parental herd, Gamboro disease, Newcastle disease, alternative strain, highly virulent, vaccination, traditional live intermediate vaccine; immune complex, vector and recombinant vaccine, NCD C2, V.H. Tabik M.V., immunity, immunosupression, immune response, protection, antibody titre, bursal index, bursa of Fabricius.