Most veterinarians wonder about choosing a particular medicine for treatment of animals, including antibiotics, the use of which became rather uncontrolled and non-systemic. Medicine Exid has broad antibacterial activity.
Keywords: resistant strains, antibacterial drugs, medicine Exid, interstitial liquid, aspirated liquid, infected animals, blood plasma, lung tissue, epithelial lining fluid, fattening bull-calves, inoculation, ceftiofur and its metabolites, high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC).
To improve milk productivity and reproductive qualities of thoroughbred and mongrel high-yield cows, it is reasonable to support their fleshiness by the time of calving at a level of 3.5–3.75 points.
Keywords: dairy cattle production, cow, bred heifer, first-calf heifer, milk, fat, protein, service period, productivity, calving, black-and-white breed, Dutch breed, Bestuzhev breed, Holsteinized cattle, reproductive function, reproductive qualities, insemination, fertilisation, lactation, condition, feed, diet, protein, carbohydrates, fat liver syndrome, ketosis, acidosis, anestrus, estral cycle, indifference period, embryos, culling, increasing milk yield, milk yield.
Application of modern products for treatment and prevention of gastrointestinal diseases in young cattle allows receiving healthy calves and promotes farm profitability.
Keywords: calves, cattle, digestive tract (DT), enteritis, die-off, diarrhea, replacement young animals, culling, milk yield, lactation, viral agents; rota- corona-, parvo-, enteroviral infection; placental barrier, pathogenesis, Escherichia coli, Salmonella spp., Streptococcus spp., Clostridium spp., Campylobacter, Pseudomonas, hypovolemic and septic shock, colostral toxicosis, dyspepsia, immunoglobulins, immune system, resistance, colostral immunity, colostrum, obligate microflora, gastrointestinal tract, vaccination, bifido- and lactobacilli, pathogenic microorganisms, OXYLONG® 20% RETARD, COLIMIXOL®, TOLTREX® 5%, RESCUE KIT SOLUBLE, spore-forming bacteria, vitamins, glycine chelates.
Use of Ankar P4 Rapid test in complex diagnosis of cow pregnancy allows considerable improvement of dairy farm economic indicators due to reduction of service period duration, decrease in the number of culled animals, and increase in their productivity.
Keywords: dairy cattle production, herd reproduction, breeding stock, artificial insemination, fertilization, calving, yeldness, mating age, cow pregnancy, milk yield, milk production, service period, level of progesterone in milk, sexual hormones in dairy cows, impairments of reproductive function, Ankar P4 Rapid test.
Mastitis is one of the best investigated diseases; nevertheless, this pathology still remains an acute problem in dairy cattle farming. The article describes the forms of mastitis and course of disease in detail.
Keywords: dairy cattle sector, mastitis, cow, herd, population, milk, microorganism, mammary gland, contagious, opportunistic and pathogenic microflora, infection, somatic cells, udder, milking, coliform bacteria, streptococci, staphylococci, antibiotic, abscess, intoxication, heifer, enterotoxins, adhesion, milk yield, milk yield, productivity, normal flora, causative agent, PCR diagnosis, antibiogram, herd, population, resistance.
Anthrax is an acute infectious disease of animals and humans caused by the microbe Bacillus anthracis. In pigs, the disease mostly develops as tonsillitis or pharyngitis.
Keywords: pig, anthrax, septicemia, mucous membrane, mouth cavity, lymph nodes, causative agent, bacillus, tonsillar form, infiltration, diarrhea, slaughter, bacteriologic test, virulence, hemorrhages, abscess, mesentery, Peyer's patches, beef-extract broth, “pearl necklace” test, phagolysis reaction, blood agar, bacterial mass, bacteriophage.
To prevent mycotoxicosis, increase livability and live weight gain of young pigs, and improve sow health, scientists of the Ural Veterinary Research Institute recommend daily addition of pro-biotic additive Bacell in compound feed at the rate of 2 kg per 1 t one month before farrow. In this case, every ruble spent for the probiotic brings a six-ruble profit.
Keywords: pig production, pro-biotic product, mycotoxins, mycotoxicosis, mold fungi, metabolites, breeding stock, sow, pigs, reproductive function, resistance, feed, compound feed, feeding, diet, sorbents, Bacell, Monosporin, spore-forming bacteria, live weight, weight gain, detoxication, farrow, aflatoxin, zearalenone, T-2 toxin, DON, ochratoxin, placenta, fertilization rate, young pig livability.
Sterility is the most common reason of incomplete restoration of a herd, untimely replacement of culled animals and untimely creation of production groups and cycles. Elimination of the shortcomings in sow feeding and housing will help to improve their productivity and extend their useful lifetime.
Keywords: pig production, sow, piglet, sterility, infantilism, hermaphrodism, ovary, testis, reproductive cycle, conception rate, insemination, prolificacy, breeding stock, egg cell, ovulation, embryo, follicles, pregnancy, lactation, feeding, weaning, milk, colostrum, ovulation, culling, male pig, sperm, farrowing, spermatozoid, sexual cycle, productivity.
Early ultrasonic diagnosis of accessory glands is a modern method for accurate and timely revealing of diseases of reproductive system in stud boars.
Keywords: pig production, male pig, biological potential, accessory sexual glands, feeding, testes, sperm ducts, spermatogenesis, vesicular gland, bulbous gland, urethral gland, prostate, bladder, vesiculase, ergothioneine, urethra, proteolytic enzymes, prostaglandins, spermatozoon, ejaculation, sperm plasma, ejaculate, sperm, olygospermia, teratospermia, necrospermia, sexual reflex, sperm plasma crystallisation method
Autogenic vaccine is a targeted vaccine made of bacteria isolated from a sick animal and used as medicine. Such products, unlike other agents (including antibiotics), are more effective. The principle of operation is based on treating like with like.
Keywords: animal, infection, prevention, population, immunization, immunity, vaccination, autovaccine, microorganism, antibiotic, peripneumonia, pigs, sow, piglet, serotype, exotoxins, toxins, amino acid, bacterium, pathologic material, nutrient medium, PCR (polymerase chain reaction), immune serum, immunologic profile, epizootic strain.